How to Read a Paper. Understanding the Basics


To enable the audience to identify key elements of a research paper:

  • What is the research question and primary outcome?
  • What are the objectives of the paper?
  • What are the results?
  • Have all outcomes been reported?
  • To critically discuss one research paper and understand
  • Population and sample
  • P values
  • Relative Risk (RR)
  • Confidence intervals (CI)
  • To evaluate the external validity of the paper using a framework for evaluation


Georgina Gethin, IE
Topic TBA

Caroline McIntosh, IE
Topic TBA